20070308

Little Big Planet and User Generated Content

Little Big Planet certainly looks enticing. With elements of Animal Crossing, an accessible looking UI and some truly gorgeous graphics people have rightfully had their interest piqued. Sony have done a far better job of backing up their promises of making this the year of software than they've done with anything over the past 12 months. But I wonder how far this total faith in 'user creation' can go. It's certainly the flavour-de-jour but the potential problems with the experimentation in this area to leave gamers unsatisfied are huge. This is a challenge facing not just Sony, but Nintendo, Microsoft and the industry at large.

On the one hand users are still limited by pre-exisiting rules within games which allow them some creativity. Advances in technology such as physics engines and in creation tools have opened up the possibilities for sandbox environments. But all we are really doing is moving the boundaries. While there are possibilities for creation off basic assets, of objects, graphics and even of basic in-game mechanical toys, limitations still exist and must still exist . Users will find these barriers and if careful attention is not paid to implementation they will resent them far more than in traditional 'linear' games where the expectation is to be confined.

On the other hand you have the joys of open-ended creation clashing with one of the tenets of entertainment. That of the person being entertained trusting in the entertainer to do their job. Although gaming is also known as interactive entertainment, and rightfully so, that interaction is deliberately limited. It's not simply a case of technology holding us back. For years there have been advances in dynamic destructible environments, in skinning and modelling, in giving gamers multiple routes through a level or even multiple plots in a story. While these have been technological breakthroughs they have not necessarily made great games. To do that there is a constant. Putting time and effort in to providing the end user with an enjoyable and for the most part structured experience. Game design has always been about the illusion of choice, the illusion of artificial intelligence and the illusion of being immersed in a created world and even the illusion of achievement. Of temporarily letting go of the constraints of reality and normal preconceptions and being led, albeit with a few twists and turns through someone else's creation. I suppose we're now just adding the illusion of creativity to this list, but I can't help but wonder how many gamers will be left wanting more. Or how much of what is created will be any good.

Treading the fine line between these two worlds of developer design and and open-ended user creativity is a tricky one. And with it come a slew of new challenges for everyone involved. Games like LittleBigPlanet and Spore are signs of an important evolution in gaming and designers and gamers alike will have a lot of fun experimenting with these and other similar ideas. But let's hope the baby isn't thrown out with the bath water and that lessons learnt over the years aren't forgotten in the stampede for the holy grail of user generated content. Or that we become engulfed in the hype and spin of what this actually means for games.

17 comments:

AJ Smallus said...

Liked it, I totally agree that to extent the more that games expand the more the limitations are exposed.

Even now games are still relying on the 'Choose your own adventure' approach where there is always only as much as a YES/NO answer. Two corridors leading to marginally different rooms that inevitably come to the same outcome.

Especially after testing, you realise that it becomes almost impossible for a developer to try and give the user too much control as this will leave it open for crashes, impassable obstacles, etc that will just piss the average user off (Fallout 2 is a very obvious example).

Nice stuff I'm going to read more.

hotblack said...

Thanks. I didn't even broach the potential technical pitfalls in terms of development, that's a whole rant unto itself!

As you say the problems which this opens up for programmers, designers and not least QA are enormous. Every new route, new path that the user can take creates more permutations to deal with and increases what needs checking exponentially. With more options and more free-roaming for the user, the likelihood of being able to cover all eventualities become less and less.

People like choice but they also like control and boundaries whether they'll admit it or not. I guess this is why the next big thing isn't true sandbox-like gameplay or masses of user generated content as the marketeers would have us believe. Rather it is the illusion of this freedom. Something which will take time and plenty of mistakes to perfect.

Held-by-the-hand plot driven gameply will hopefully be here for a long time to come too of course.

Shaun CG said...

All excellent points. Speaking as someone who enjoys a good narrative more than - for example - mastering the trick to beating a boss, I'm fairly conscious of the sort of issues you've discussed here.

I'm reminded of Deus Ex, a game which offers the illusion of choice very effectively, marrying it to a strong narrative. But spend too long in any given area and you realise how tiny it is, how inconsequential the choices can be. Even the different outcomes available at the end of the game are the most tiny divergences from the larger story arc.

But this is the trick to the illusion: the provision of a powerful narrative by the entertainer, i.e. the game's plot, and its bolstering by the immersion and imagination of the player, e.g. the belief that moral decisions made in a game have real consequences, or that those three different socio-political choices at the end of the game are the culmination of an ongoing process of development that has been occurring continuously. To put it a more mundane way, role-playing.

AJ Smallus said...

This is why spore scares everyone and excites. It is also why it could only be a PC game (like the Sims before it). The console manufacturers have too many standards that Spore would fail, sure, maybe two years down the line when the game has been released and all the bugs have been ironed out, we'll see a console version. Maybe, but then that'll be as limiting as the original Sims on the Xbox and PS2.

On a slightly worrying note, dod you gus know that Windows Vista has recommended standards? Not a good sign for PC games.

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The thing with Spore is, that for all it's customisation, there is a lot of well thought out design there. It's like previous 'Sims' games in that there is a clearly defined progression throughout the game with layers of interleaving but individually strict rules in place. This is what Will Wright knows and gets right time and time again. The creaton of a framework with enough variation to give people the illusion of creativity. It's like the ultimate form of 'skinning' combined with playing a cross between Civilisation or Sim City.

Yeah I've heard about some of the plans for Fista. Microsoft are moving their vision of 'Live Anywhere' forward a lot with Games For Windows and the new OS as a whole. There's already been a pretty substantial backlash. DirectX is the carrot to get people to adopt, but I can't see the rest of the package being anything that most PC devs or gamers want. If they did, they'd be console devs and gamers. There are some interesting possibilities but in the end it may help casual gamers more than anything and they really don't need DirectX 10 or Vista with his high hardware requirements.

Microsoft have learnt a lot about the console world and done a lot of good, but I fear that there are still people who don't 'get it'. That and Microsoft may just come back to bite us all in a few years once they dominate.

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